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Imatge corporativa Congrés INDEST

Emanuele Felice

Emanuele Felice es profesor Asociado del Departamento de Economía Aplicada de la Università "G. D'Annunzio "di Chieti-Pescara al Departamento de Filosofía, Pedagogía y Economía Cuantitativa. Sus ámbitos de investigación son: historia económica de la Italia moderna, historia global, crecimiento económico a largo plazo, ingresos e indicadores sociales, desarrollo regional y políticas regionales e historia empresarial.

Antes de ser profesor, estudió en la Universidad de Bolonia y se doctoró en la Universidad de Pisa. Además, también fue profesor visitante en la London School of Economics, la Universidad Pompeu Fabra, la Universidad de Harvard y la de Sevilla. Su último libro es “Ascesa e declino. Storia economica d’Italia” (2015).

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Título de la ponenciaThe socio-institutional divide. Explaining Italy's regional inequality over the long run

Resumen: In recent years there have been major advances in the research about the historical pattern of regional inequality in Italy and its historical roots: new and more accurate estimates of regional GDP, as well as of social indicators (human capital, life expectancy, HDI, heights, inequality, social capital) and other indices (market potential), running roughly from around the Unification to our days, are now available. By the light of this up-to-date information, the article reviews the debate about the determinants of regional development in Italy, within the broader framework of the country’s industrial take-off and modern economic growth, and connects it to the main strands of the international literature. After critically discussing the competing hypotheses proposed to account for the different patterns observed and the North-South divide, a different explanation – and the main argument of the article – is presented: a North-South socio- institutional divide pre-existed Unification, in some respects grew stronger with it and was never bridged throughout the history of post-Unification Italy; such a divide ultimately impacted on the levels of human and social capital, as well as upon differences in policies and institutional performance, and thus on economic growth. 

Adrian Blackledge

Adrian Blackledge es el Director de MOSAICO Centro de Investigación sobre Multilingüismo de la Universidad de Birmingham. Es autor de numerosos artículos y libros basados en su investigación sobre el multilingüismo en educación y en la sociedad más amplia. Sus libros incluyen Heteroglossia as Practiceand Pedagogy (2014); The Routledge Handbook of Multilingualism (2012); Multilingualism. A Critical Perspective (2010); Discourse and Power in a Multilingual World (2005); Negotiation of Identities in Multilingual Contexts (2004); Multilingualism, Second Language Learning, and Gender (2001); and Literacy, Power, and Social Justice (2000).

En los últimos años, Adrian ha sido galardonado con más de tres millones de libras en financiación del Consejo Europeo de Investigación. Actualmente se dedica a un proyecto financiado a través de "AHRC Translating Cultures theme, "Translation and Translanguaging: Investigating Linguistic and Cultural Transformations in Superdiverse Wards in Four UK Cities" (TLANG). 

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Título de la ponenciaLanguage and Mobility

Resumen: This paper questions the notion of static languages with an autonomous and bounded status, and considers language repertoires which draw on a diverse range of linguistic resources. The paper engages with the ‘mobility turn’ in social research, and argues for an interdisciplinary perspective on research into language and mobility. It considers the mobility of languages, and the implications for language repertoires of the increased mobility of people.

The presentation includes empirical examples from a multi-site team ethnography, ‘Translation and Translanguaging: Investigating Linguistic and Cultural Transformations in Superdiverse Wards in Four UK Cities’. The aim of the project was to investigate how people communicate when they bring different histories, biographies, and trajectories to interaction. Research sites in four cities were observed systematically, over time, to develop a sophisticated understanding of language and superdiversity.

The analysis considers the relationship between the mobility of the body (in a traditional understanding of migration) and the mobility of linguistic resources. The conclusion proposes a move away from analysis of language which focuses mainly on questions of which language is in use in a particular time and place, towards  a concern to investigate how language, and ‘translanguaging’, construct and constitute people’s social, historical, economic, and political trajectories.

Gabriele Cappai

Gabriele Cappai es Doctor y profesor en la Universidad Bayreuth, donde enseña métodos de investigación empírica con especial énfasis en los métodos cualitativos. Sus intereses también tocan la teoría de la cultura, la teoría social y la sociología de la migración. Durante los últimos años, su trabajo se ha desarrollado siguiendo las siguientes líneas temáticas: Cultura y acción social, El "Triángulo de la migración" y hacer investigación empírica en culturas extranjeras. Es especialista en estos campos de investigación y de actividad: Basic-theoretical conditions for intercultural understanding; Meta-theoretical consideration on the concept of culture; Communication, organisation and migration in the European context; Intercultural comparison; and Translation as a condition for social integration.

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Título de la ponenciaLeisure society and cultural consumption. Conceptual clarifications and theoretical views.

Resumen: In Mr. Cappai's contribution to the workshop he intends to discuss some of the main conceptual, historical and theoretical implications of the expressions "leisure society" and "cultural consumption". Mr. Gabriele Cappai's talk illustrates that both concepts, culture and leisure, underwent a deep semantic change. The transformation from an elitarian to a democratic understanding of leisure and culture appears as one of the main features of this change. It is in the wake of this semantic change that today one is allowed to bring culture into connection with leisure: culture becomes an instrument to realize leisure and leisure, or at least some expressions of it, are seen as a cultural phenomenon. The societal implications of this development will be described taking the concept of "social action" as the main point of reference. This means, among others, to consider leisure and culture in the light of beliefs, desires, opportunities and passions as four main dimensions of human action.

The second part of Mr. Cappai's talk is dedicated to the main "actors in the field", which he identifies as the cultural ideologists (those who shape the politics of culture) the managers of culture (those who organize cultural events or activities) the cultural performers (the artists), and the cultural consumers (the public). The role that these actors perform in the field of "leisure and/as culture" will be illustrated with reference to the already mentioned dimensions of actions.

Carmen Leccardi

Carmen Leccardi es actualmente profesora de Sociología de la Cultura en el Departamento de Sociología e Investigación Social de la Universidad de Milano-Bicocca. Es directora del programa de doctorado en Sociología Aplicada y Metodología de la Investigación Social. Fue Vicerrectora de Igualdad de Oportunidades en el período 2012-2013 y actualmente es coordinadora científica del Centro de Investigación Interuniversitario 'Culturas de Género'. De 2013 a 2015 fue presidenta de la Asociación Europea de Sociología (ESA).

Sus líneas de investigación están relacionadas con el estudio de procesos de cambio cultural. En este contexto, llevó a cabo investigaciones nacionales e internacionales sobre patrones culturales, con un enfoque particular en los jóvenes; diferencias de género y generacionales; experiencias de tiempo y sus cambios. En cuanto a sus métodos de investigación, Leccardi da prioridad a los enfoques cualitativos, y los métodos hermenéuticos en particular. Su último libro, editado con C. Feixa y P. Nilan, es: Juventud, espacio y tiempo. Agoras y Chronotopes en la ciudad global (Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2016).

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Título de la ponenciaGenerations, young people and the representation of the future

Resumen: Something deserving of careful consideration is the renewed interest that the issue of generations has encountered within sociology over the last few decades. The generational dimension allows us in effect to recollocate the collective dimension at the centre of the scene. This process appears especially important in an increasingly individualised society like that of today. By using the generational perspective it becomes much easier, for example, to perceive the strategies through which young people in the new century come to grips with a future that is more and more uncertain both economically and socially. While the biographical strategy founded on deferring gratification and  life projects now appears obsolete, a culturally significant number of young people are today engaged in hitherto unknown forms of biographical construction. In short, these young people seem to be constructing their own time of life in such a way as to keep pace with a society characterised by ever more accelerated temporal rhythms – a society capable of pulverising the very idea of the future and of temporal continuity.

The presentation aims at concentrating on these new modalities, comparing them, in particular, with the relationship with the future that was constructed by the generation of the baby boomers. For that generation of young people, in fact, the centrality of intergenerational conflict within a horizon of economic expansion was able to give an impulse to the construction of a projectuality that was at one and the same time collective and individual. The substitution of forms of open conflict with forms of negotiation with adult generations seems today to go hand in hand with the necessity for younger people to identify forms of relationship with the future appropriate for the time that we are currently living – a time that is as fast as it is economically and socially threatening.